North Malawi Angoni, South Malawi Angoni
Generally similar to the Angoni of Zambia; however, in view of its more cervico-thoracic hump, larger ears and less developed dewlap like the Nguni and differences in haemoglobin frequencies (Osterhoff, 1975), the southern type of Malawi Zebu are considered to have some Sanga blood.
Found throughout Malawi. Because of interbreeding with the Nguni Sanga, cattle in central and southern Malawi, they are slightly different in conformation from the other Angoni. This led to the classification of the Malawi Zebu into North Malawi Angoni and South Malawi Angoni (Felius, 1995).
The Angoni group of cattle are believed to be descendants of the original zebu introduced through the Horn of Africa. The Angoni people who descended from the Nguni tribe in South Africa maintained them. They are supposed to have lost their original Sanga cattle and restored them with zebu as they wandered as far north as Lake Tanganyika, and subsequently settled on the Angoni plateau of eastern Zambia and adjoining parts of Malawi between 1850 and 1870 with what became known as Angoni cattle. They later spread southwards reaching north-western Mozambique. These cattle are today known as Malawi Zebu in Malawi, Angoni in Zambia, and Angone in Mozambique (Rege and Tawah, 1999).